UA description by Pierre d'Avity «The country’s highest mountain is called The Accursed One by the inhabitants because of its perpetual glacial snow...
It is so prominent that it can be seen as far away as Lyons. »
Mont Blanc’s first appearance in literature. The novel of Mademoiselle de Scudery, « Artamène or Cyrus the Great » states:
« Beyond the prairies, we see a mountain range that rises up one upon the other, seems to reach right to the clouds, this mountain that touches the sky is Mont Blanc »
First known drawing of Mont Blanc, an engraving by Jean de Ram Theatrum Sabaudiae.
These were the Englishmen Windham and Pocoke accompanied by a few friends. This was the first sightseeing tourist visit. Their narrative spurred the interest that would bring the world to the high mountain peaks.
The Geneva scholar Horace Bénédict de Saussure offers a sumptuous reward to whoever treads Mont Blanc’s undefiled summit.
By Michel Gabriel Paccard and Jacques Balmat. Starting at around 4 a.m. from an encampment on the summit of the Côte Mountain.
At 6:23 p.m., Balmat and Paccard are seen reaching the top, then at 7 p.m. they begin their descent. Back to their previous morning’s bivouac before midnight. All agree that this ascension marks the birth of mountaineering.
The Savoy became French for some time, following the Treaty of Paris.
Marie Paradis, a young Chamonix girl, strongly assisted by her guides, including Jacques Balmat, becomes the first female to climb Mont Blanc.
Treaty of Paris : the Savoy and Mont Blanc are once again part of the Kingdom of Sardinia.
The expedition of Dr. Hamel is working its way up the slopes above the Red Rocks when it is overwhelmed by an avalanche, 5 guides are swept away by the snowslide, 3 men could neither be rescued nor recovered.
It is the oldest and the largest mountaineering guide company in the world.
Martens displays the first picture of Mont Blanc on the occasion of the Universal Exhibition.
Construction of the first Gouter refuge (3817m)
The first observatory which also served as a refuge was built at the request of the municipality of Chamonix. Financed personally by Joseph Vallot, it was built at the foot of the « Arête des Bosses ».
First flyover made in a Perdussin single-seater plane by A. Parmelin from Geneva. (5540 m).
First film shots from the top were taken by F. Burlingham.
By an administrative decision, the municipality of Chamonix is authorized to associate its name with the mountain to which it owes so much.
The new land register is published. The slopes of Mont-Blanc are allocated as such : the summit is in Chamonix to the north and Saint Gervais to the south-west. Rumor has it that this distribution was very difficult.
The Malabar Princess of the Air India Company crashed near the top with its 48 passengers.
Commencement of the construction of the tunnel under Mont Blanc. It was inaugurated on July 16, 1965 by General de Gaulle and the Italian President Mr. Saragat.
The long-distance runner Pierre-André Gobet starts his ascent at 5 a.m. to take advantage of the morning freshness and firmer ice for the climb and slightly softer for the descent. At 10:10 he makes it back down to the Chamonix Church. Time: 5 hours 10 minutes and 14 seconds.